Lose Weight and Reduce Prostate Cancer Risk

Do you see yourself as taking responsibility for your health? Do you believe you can reduce the chance of developing prostate cancer—or any cancer, for that matter? Are you aware that being overweight not only puts you at risk of cardiovascular disease, but also of prostate cancer?

The connection between above-normal body mass index (BMI) and greater prostate cancer risks is well-established. Men who have a very high BMI (in other words, are obese) have greater odds of dying from prostate cancer than do men of normal weight. In addition, carrying extra body fat increases the possibility of more aggressive disease, and recurrence after prostate cancer treatment. However, those men who are extremely overweight may be in denial about their bodies.

A new study found, among other things, that “overweight and obese men perceived their weight as more normal than their BMI category suggests.”

The study consisted of administering a survey that gathered information about men’s health history, diet and exercise (and perception of their own habits), current and previous efforts toward healthier behavior, and technology use. The surveys also records demographic information such as age, family history of prostate cancer, etc. The goal of the study was to assess possible interest in a technology-driven program for weight loss in order to reduce prostate cancer (PCa) risk.

A total of 109 men returned completed surveys. The data revealed the following statistics about those who took the survey:

  • Family history of PCa                    25%
  • History of elevated PSA                26%
  • PCa survivors                                  22%
  • Need for healthier diet                 74%
  • Want to lose weight                      65%

While the researchers found a discrepancy between how men see themselves and how much they really weigh, developing a technology-based solution posed a challenge. The survey results indicated a “need and willingness for lifestyle modification and suggest a need for evidence-based weight loss strategies” and a way to address the self-perception inaccuracies, access to technology was inconsistent.

The majority of participants had access to internet (92%), but text messaging (60%) and smartphone use (40%) were less used, particularly among men ages 60 and above. Still, the authors believe technology offers possibilities: “A male-tailored intervention that implements technology could improve energy balance, hold men accountable to healthy behavior change, and promote dietary patterns in order to reduce prostate cancer risk.”

At the Sperling Prostate Center, we are incorporating diet and lifestyle information into our prostate imaging and image-guided treatment services. In particular, because we offer Focal Laser Ablation (FLA), we believe that educating our patients on the value of healthy self-care is essential. We can provide a treatment that destroys cancer and preserves quality of life, but when treatment is complete patients must do their part to attain longevity with high quality of life. The above study did not speak to how men who know they carry too much fat will be inspired and energized to lose it. At our Center, we believe that knowledge is motivational.

Many of the patients who come to us are already health-conscious before they even walk through our door. Others, however, find that the possibility of having prostate cancer comes as a wake-up call, and an opportunity to find out how health factors such as being overweight, inadequate exercise habits, and poor nutrition can and should be changed.

Our commitment is to the whole person. Achieving and maintaining a normal BMI is an important investment not just in the walnut-sized prostate gland, but in vitality and long life.

Copyright by Dan Sperling, MD. Reprint permission courtesy of Sperling Prostate Center (New York, Florida), the leading U.S. center for multiparametric detection, diagnosis and image-guided focal treatment of prostate cancer.

Read more in our Prostate Cancer Health Center.


Schleper A et al. Weight management to reduce prostate cancer risk: A survey of men’s needs and interests. Cancer Clin Oncol 2016 May;5(1):43-52.

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